Parents often come to us worried about delays in their child's speech and language development, asking questions such as "is my child on track?".
To help with this, the below language developmental milestones are a great way for parents to monitor their child's language development and determine if their child is delayed. While progress can vary significantly, parents should be aware of these milestones as their child builds their language abilities, as deviation from these milestones may indicate a delay and need for speech/language therapy.
|0-3 months||Smiles and interacts with others|
|7-12 months||Uses gestures like waving and pointing
|Says 2-3 words other than "mama" an "dada"|
|Recognizes that words are symbols for objects|
|7-24 months||Understands what others say|
|12-18 months||Says a variety (10 to 20) of words|
|1-2 years||Responds to single-step directions, such as bringing an object into the room|
|Identifies eyes, nose, and toes|
|Makes want known, such as using "more"|
|Makes "sounds" of familiar animals|
|1.5-2 years||Puts words together to make sentences|
|2 years||Says over 50 words|
|2-3 years||Identifies body parts|
|Talks to toys|
|Asks "what's that?"|
|Uses negative phrases, such as "no want"|
|Forms plural endings, such as "books"|
|450 word vocabulary|
|Combines nouns and verbs, such as "I do"|
|Names common pictures and things|
|Plays and talks with other children|
|2.5-3 years||Shows interest in books and drawing|
|3-4 years||Can tell a story|
|Speaks in sentences of 4-5 words|
|4-5 years||Uses past tense|
|Understands simple time concepts, such as "next" or "in the morning"|
|Asks many questions, such as "who?" and "why?"|
*Adapted from ProEd - Inc.
The above table can be used as a guide to assess whether your child is within the typical developmental range for specific receptive and expressive language skills, or if your child may have a speech delay. While not all children meet these milestones at these exact times, the represented ages and skill sets are typical expectations for the average child. Development in line with milestones like these is one of the many areas our speech and language therapists will address with your child as part of our in-home screening and standardized evaluation processes.